Year:2021 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Area: History

Evren Altinkas
Book Review: Christine M. Philliou, Turkey: A Past Against History. Oakland: University of California Press, 2021, pp.20-22.
This book depicts transformation of the Ottoman and Turkish society between the Second Constitutional Monarchy (1908) of the late Ottoman Empire and the 1960s of modern Turkey with a focus on the life and works of Turkish journalist author Refik Halid Karay (1888-1965). Karay is known with his short stories and novels in Turkish literature. Using excerpts from Karays newspaper articles, stories, and novels, Philliou shows how an Ottoman liberal criticized the policies of the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP), the nationalists in Ankara during the Turkish War of Independence and the subsequent regime in the early years of the Turkish Republic. Using the term muhalefet [opposition], Philliou focuses on the transition of Karay from a dissident figure into a discontent patriot. While doing this, Philliou skilfully draws the framework of Turkish modernity between 1908 and 1960.

Keywords: Turkey, Ottoman Empire, Committee of Union and Progress, Liberalism, Refik Halid Karay
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